The Benefits and Risks of Keeping Reptiles as Pets

Uncategorized By Jun 11, 2023

Reptiles are becoming increasingly popular as pets due to their unique appearances and low maintenance. However, there are benefits and risks to keeping them. Benefits include their low maintenance, fascinating behaviors, educational value, and long lifespans. Risks include the potential for carrying salmonella and zoonotic diseases, legal restrictions, and the potential for aggression in some species. It’s important to research local wildlife laws and the temperament of the reptile before deciding to bring one home. Despite the risks, reptiles can make great pets for those willing to take the time to learn about their needs.

The Benefits and Risks of Keeping Reptiles as Pets

Reptiles as pets have been gaining popularity over the last few years. Their unique appearances and low maintenance have made them a popular choice for pet owners. However, there are benefits and risks when it comes to keeping reptiles as pets. This article will explore those advantages and disadvantages.

Benefits of Keeping Reptiles as Pets

1. Low Maintenance

Reptiles are low maintenance pets. They do not require constant attention and can be left alone for extended periods. This is a plus for pet owners who want a companion but cannot devote much time to its upkeep. Moreover, reptiles can do well in a variety of environments, which makes them easy to care for.

2. Fascinating Creatures

Reptiles are fascinating creatures that can captivate and intrigue their owners. Their unique scales, patterns, and behaviors make them a joy to watch. Some reptiles, like chameleons, can change color, while others, like bearded dragons, have distinctive social behaviors that make them excellent pets.

3. Educational

Keeping a reptile as a pet can be an educational experience for both children and adults. Observing the animal can teach them about its behavior, feeding habits, and natural habitat. It can also provide an insight into the importance of conservation and responsible pet ownership.

4. Long lifespans

Reptiles have relatively long life spans compared to other pets. Some, like tortoises and turtles, can live for over 100 years. Others, like snakes and lizards, can live for several decades. This means that if you’re in it for the long-haul, a reptile may be the perfect pet for you.

Risks of Keeping Reptiles as Pets

1. Salmonella

Reptiles carry salmonella in their intestinal systems. This bacteria can cause serious illness in humans, especially those with weakened immune systems. Washing hands thoroughly after handling reptiles and their cages is essential to prevent the bacteria from spreading.

2. Zoonotic Diseases

Reptiles can carry zoonotic diseases like MERS-CoV and COVID-19. MERS-CoV is a virus carried by camels that can infect humans and cause severe respiratory illness. Researchers have also discovered coronavirus strains in snakes, which can cause COVID-19 in humans. While the risk of these infections is low, pet owners should take precautions to avoid exposure.

3. Legal Restrictions

Some species of reptiles are protected by law and can only be kept by licensed individuals. Certain types of snakes, lizards, and turtles fall under this category. Pet owners should research their local regulations before acquiring a reptile.

4. Potential for Aggression

While most reptiles are docile, some can be aggressive. Snapping turtles, for instance, can bite with enough force to sever fingers. Lizards like the monitor can be territorial and bite when threatened. Owners should research their pet’s temperament and provide a suitable habitat to prevent aggression.


1. What are the easiest reptiles to keep as pets?

The easiest reptile pets to keep are leopard geckos, bearded dragons, and ball pythons. They are generally docile, low maintenance, and have widely available food options.

2. Can reptiles get fleas?

Reptiles do not get fleas. However, they can suffer from mites, ticks, and other bloodsucking parasites.

3. What is the best way to handle my pet reptile?

It depends on the species of reptile you own. Some reptiles, like snakes, are best handled with tongs or gloves. Others, like bearded dragons, can be picked up gently. Owners should research the handling techniques recommended for their pet.


Reptiles as pets offer benefits and risks. Low maintenance and fascinating pets, they can also carry diseases that can be transmitted to humans. Pet owners should research their local wildlife laws and the temperament of their potential pet before deciding on bringing home a pet reptile. All in all, reptiles can make great pets for people who are willing to take the time to learn about them and their needs.