The Value of Preserving Wilderness and Its Impact on the Environment

Uncategorized By Apr 09, 2023

Preserving wilderness is crucial for protecting biodiversity, regulating the Earth’s climate, protecting watersheds and providing recreational and spiritual benefits. Wilderness areas are home to diverse plant and animal species, while trees and vegetation absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. Sustainable management practices can be implemented outside protected areas to minimise the impact of human activity on wilderness areas. Raising awareness about the importance of wilderness protection and management and supporting organisations that work towards the cause can encourage more people to preserve wilderness areas. Preserving wilderness can also be economically viable through eco-tourism initiatives and providing ecosystem services such as water filtration and soil protection.

The wilderness is a treasure that has sustained life on earth for eons, yet it is largely under threat from human activities. In the past, it was often seen as a source of raw materials, land for grazing, or a place for recreation. However, environmentalists and anyone with a stake in the future of our planet know that the value of preserving wilderness goes beyond the narrow focus on commercial or recreational use. This article will examine the value of wilderness and its impact on the environment.

What is wilderness?

There are different definitions of wilderness, depending on the context. For instance, some countries have legal definitions of wilderness that guide the designation, use and management of such areas. However, for the purpose of this article, we will use a broad definition of wilderness as any natural area that is not significantly altered or influenced by human activity.

Why is preserving wilderness important?

1. Biodiversity

Wilderness areas are home to a wide variety of plants and animals, some of which are endemic, meaning they are not found anywhere else in the world. Preserving wilderness is essential to protecting these species and maintaining the balance of ecosystems. When wilderness areas are destroyed, the plants and animals that live there are often unable to adapt to new conditions, leading to species loss.

2. Climate regulation

Trees and other vegetation in wilderness areas play an important role in regulating the earth’s climate. They absorb carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change, and produce oxygen. However, when forests are cut down or burned, the carbon they stored is released into the atmosphere, contributing to global warming.

3. Watershed protection

Wilderness areas help protect watersheds, which are the areas of land that drain into rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water. These areas help retain moisture and filter pollutants, ensuring that the water systems are clean and healthy. When these areas are degraded or destroyed, pollution and sedimentation can contaminate water sources, threatening human and animal health.

4. Recreation and spiritual benefits

Wilderness areas provide opportunities for recreation, such as hiking, bird-watching, and camping. These activities are not only enjoyable, but also provide physical and mental health benefits. In addition, wilderness areas have spiritual and cultural significance for indigenous communities and many other people around the world.

How can we preserve wilderness?

1. Protected areas and conservation

One of the most effective ways to preserve wilderness is to set aside protected areas, such as national parks, wildlife reserves, and wilderness areas. These areas provide legal protection for vulnerable species and ecosystems and limit human activity.

2. Sustainable management

For areas outside protected areas, sustainable management practices can be adopted to minimize the impact of human activity on wilderness areas. These practices include sustainable logging, ecotourism, and agroforestry.

3. Education and awareness-raising

Education and awareness-raising campaigns can help raise awareness about the importance of wilderness and the impact of human activity on these areas. This can help build a constituency of support for wilderness protection and management.


1. What can I do to help preserve wilderness?

There are several things you can do to support wilderness preservation, such as:

– Visiting and supporting protected areas and eco-tourism initiatives
– Reducing your carbon footprint by using public transportation, reducing waste, and eating a plant-based diet
– Supporting organizations that work to preserve wilderness areas
– Educating yourself and others about the importance of wilderness preservation

2. Can wilderness restoration help mitigate the effects of climate change?

Yes, wilderness restoration can help mitigate the effects of climate change. When forests are restored, they can absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it in the trees and soil. Additionally, restoration can help protect water sources, prevent soil erosion, and provide habitat for wildlife.

3. Can preserving wilderness be economically viable?

Yes, preserving wilderness can be economically viable. Protected areas and eco-tourism initiatives can provide employment opportunities and contribute to local economies. In addition, wilderness areas can provide ecosystem services, such as water filtration and soil protection, which have economic value.